lgae blooms in inland and marine waters are becoming more and more frequent as climate change disrupts the different ecosystems around the world. This leads to an increasing effort to predict and manage cyanobacteria blooms and minimize its potentially fatal impacts on living organisms.
Exposure to these blooms can lead to serious health issues such as, skin irritation, gastrointestinal illness, even liver damage and certain cancers. They can sometimes also deplete dissolved oxygen which causes fish mortality.
These blooms are usually detected by analysing the way phycocyanin (a pigment native to the cyanobacterium) absorbs and reflects light. You must also consider the water temperature, as this parameter can give you a head start on when these blooms will arise.